Manjača Agricultural Estate
Manjača, Banja Luka
Importance of the locality:
The Manjača agricultural estate was first used in the autumn of 1991 as a detention site for civilians and soldiers captured during combat in Croatia. In May 1992, when war clashes escalated in BiH, Manjača became the central prison centre for captured Croats and Bosniaks. At least 5000 prisoners were held at this detention facility. Prisoners were brought from across BiH and subjected to inhumane conditions and daily abuse, interrogations and beatings. At least 10 prisoners died from injuries sustained at this facility. The facility was run by VRS units.
Entity: Republika Srpska
Ethnic group: Bosniaks, Croats
Area that victims came from: BiH
The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) convicted a number of people under the command responsibility doctrine for crimes committed in Manjača: Radoslav Brđanin, president of the Crisis Staff of the Krajina Autonomous Region, was convicted of war crimes committed in a number of municipalities in BiH and sentenced to 32 years in prison. Momčilo Krajišnik, Speaker of the National Assembly of Republika Srpska, was convicted of crimes against humanity and sentenced to 27 years in prison. Biljana Plavšić, wartime member of the Presidency of Republika Srpska, was sentenced to 11 years in prison. Mićo Stanišić, wartime Minister of Interior of Republika Srpska, was sentenced to 22 years in prison. Stojan Župljanin, Chief of the Public Security Centre in Banja Luka, was sentenced to 22 years in prison. Radovan Karadžić, as the president of Republika Srpska and commander in chief of its armed forces, was sentenced to life imprisonment.
The Court of BiH convicted Nikola Kovačević (previously Daniluško Kajtez) of crimes against humanity and sentenced him to 12 years in prison.
The District Court in Banja Luka convicted the guards in the Manjača camp for crimes committed at the camp. Željko Bulatović was sentenced to 14, Siniša Teodorović to 12, and Zoran Gajić to 10 years i prison.
Commemorations: 14 November, BiH Association of Prison Camp Survivors marks the day when the camp was disbanded.
Data source: ICTY, Court of BiH (updated 06.12.2019)
Marked and photographed: 15.11.2018.
Security services command centre - CSB
Herzeg Bosnia - HB
Croat Defense Forces - HOS
Army of Croatia - HV
Croat Defense Council - HVO
Yugoslav National Army - JNA
International Crime Tribunal for Former Yugoslavia - ICTY
Ministry of Interior - MUP
People's Defense of the Autonomous Province of Western Bosnia - NO APZB
Police station - SJB
Serb Army of Krajina - SVK
Territorial defense of Bosnia-Herzegovina - TO BiH
Army of Republic of Srpska - VRS
Army of Yugoslavia - VJ